Syr Durand fitz Robert jousting with Mistress Kassandra Tennebrosa Syr Durand fitz Robert jousting with Mistress Kassandra Tennebrosa
Nordskogen - Blazon: Azure, semé of snowflakes argent, in canton a laurel wreath Or

Barony of Nordskogen

Region: Lakes
Based Near: Mpls/St Paul  MN
Additional Info: http://www.nordskogen.org/
Primary Contact: Sarah Oldenburg Garcia
(Sorcha Bhuidhe)
Postal Address: Address Hidden
Phone: (715) 497-9767 Texting preferred, please identify yourself
Email: seneschal@nordskogen.org

Baron

Baron Gabriel Kjotvason
Login to see personal information.

Baroness

Baroness Caoilfhionn inghen Cheallaigh uí Mhórdha
Login to see personal information.
Upcoming Events Hosted by this Branch
January, 2020
Twelfth Night
(Ramsey MN)

May, 2020
Schützenfest XIII
(Waterville MN)

Previous Events Hosted by this Branch
November, 2004
A Proud Taste for Scarlet and Miniver
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

January, 2005
Twelfth Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Rosemount MN)

April, 2005
Maslenitsa - A Russian Spring Feast Moot
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

May, 2005
Regional Equestrian Practice
Barony of Nordskogen (Shakopee MN)

War Camp MMV
Barony of Nordskogen (Golden Valley MN)

June, 2005
Schutzenfest VI
Barony of Nordskogen (Waconia MN)

May, 2006
Northshield Spring Crown Tounament
Barony of Nordskogen (Chaska MN)

November, 2006
Combat. Period. (A Historical Combat Symposium)
Barony of Nordskogen (Golden Valley MN)

January, 2007
12th Night: Shakespeare's Mid-Winter Dream
Barony of Nordskogen (Marine MN)

June, 2007
Naadam: Schutzenfest on the Steppes
Barony of Nordskogen (Waconia MN)

July, 2007
BOD Meeting
Barony of Nordskogen (Bloomington MN)

November, 2007
Known World Academy of the Rapier (KWAR)
Barony of Nordskogen (Minneapolis MN)

January, 2008
Twelfth Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Bloomington MN)

September, 2008
Rose Tourney - sponsored by Ladies of the Rose and Fellow Royal Consorts
Barony of Nordskogen (Clarks Grove MN)

October, 2008
Creating the Creative, SCA 101
Barony of Nordskogen (Andover MN)

November, 2008
Clothiers Seminar North
Barony of Nordskogen (Coon Rapids MN)

January, 2009
12th Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Columbia Heights MN)

May, 2009
The Royal Crown Tournament of Stephen and Ailleanne
Barony of Nordskogen (Chaska MN)

July, 2009
Warriors and Warlords
Barony of Nordskogen (Boscobel WI)

August, 2009
Schutzenfest
Barony of Nordskogen (Zimmerman MN)

January, 2010
Much Ado about Twelfth Night – An Elizabethan themed event
Barony of Nordskogen (Columbia Heights MN)

April, 2010
The Armored Combat Offering
Barony of Nordskogen (St Paul MN)

July, 2010
Warriors and Warlords XVII
Barony of Nordskogen (Boscobel WI)

November, 2010
Stellar University of Northshield (SUN)
Barony of Nordskogen (Coon Rapids MN)

January, 2011
Old Twelvey Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Bloomington MN)

March, 2011
A Sworded Affair
Barony of Nordskogen (Marine on St. Croix MN)

April, 2011
THACO 2
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

May, 2011
Schutzenfest
Barony of Nordskogen (Houston MN)

October, 2011
Northshield Fall Crown Tourney
Barony of Nordskogen (Andover MN)

April, 2012
THACO 3
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

June, 2012
Crispin's Archery Thing (CAT)
Barony of Nordskogen (East Bethel MN)

January, 2013
12th Night and Baronial Investiture
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

April, 2013
THACO 4 - The Armored Combat Outing
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

October, 2013
Schutzenfest
Barony of Nordskogen (Zimmerman MN)

January, 2014
Nordskogen Twelfth Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

April, 2014
THACO 5
Barony of Nordskogen (St. Paul MN)

August, 2014
Cripsin's Archery Thingy
Barony of Nordskogen (East Bethel MN)

January, 2015
Nordskogen 40th Anniversary Twelfth Night Celebration
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

April, 2015
THACO 6
Barony of Nordskogen (St Paul MN)

July, 2015
Warriors and Warlords
Barony of Nordskogen (Osseo WI)

January, 2016
Nordskogen Twelfth Night: Dreikönigsfest
Barony of Nordskogen (Anoka MN)

May, 2016
Schützenfest XI
Barony of Nordskogen (Waterville MN)

July, 2016
Warriors and Warlords
Barony of Nordskogen (Osseo WI)

THACO 7 - Are we really still doing this?
Barony of Nordskogen (St Paul MN)

October, 2016
Crown Tournament
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

January, 2017
On the Silk Road - A Nordskogen Twelfth Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

January, 2018
12th Night: An Italian Masked Ball
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

May, 2018
Schützenfest XII
Barony of Nordskogen (Waterville MN)

July, 2018
Warlords and Warriors XXV
Barony of Nordskogen (Osseo WI)

September, 2018
Northshield Fall Coronation
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

October, 2018
Harvest Home
Barony of Nordskogen (Marine on St Croix MN)

January, 2019
Nordskogen 12th Night
Barony of Nordskogen (Ramsey MN)

Officer Listing
Office Name Persona Name Modern Name Email Term
Baron Gabriel Kjotvason Patrick Anderson Login to view 9 Months
Baroness Caoilfhionn inghen Cheallaigh uí Mhórdha Kellie Hultgren Login to view 9 Months
Archery Marshal Sefa Farmansdóttir Elizabeth Jensen Login to view 9 Months
Armored Combat Marshal Helgi Moosebane Daniel Stinogel Login to view 2 Months
Chatelaine Jelena Pagani Tracie Hodgdon Login to view 3 Months
Chronicler Rosanore of Redthorn Susan Guthmann Henry Login to view 71 Months
Emergency Deputy Exchequer Wolfstanus Lightfote Ayron Edwards Login to view 3 Months
Equipment Officer Kateryn of Roseberry Topping called Khadiijah Kay Marszalek Login to view 43 Months
Exchequer Lewke verch Gwilim Erin Ahlstrom Login to view 3 Months
Herald Irial Féasruadh ó hIarnáin Sean O'Leary Login to view 16 Months
Minister of Arts & Sciences Helena the Quiet Name Hidden Login to view 42 Months
Rapier Combat Marshal Sven Asvaldarson Justin Aune Login to view 9 Months
Seneschal Sorcha Bhuidhe Sarah Oldenburg Garcia Login to view 16 Months
Thrown Weapons Marshal Guenievre du Dragon Vert Jennifer Carlson Login to view 14 Months
Webminister Ceolwen ingen Adaim Carrie Snyder Login to view 3 Months
Populace Listing
Personas marked with * are deceased.
Aaron Aaron Hawkesmoor called "da cook"
Aayleen Fitzwell Abelard de Reynes Adda ep Eddnevyn
Adela de Warren Adelheid von Campe Adelheid von Lubeuck
Adriana Roseberry Aedan ban macCormaic Aelfric of York
Aesa Grimsdottir Aibfinn ingen Chearbhaill Aibhilin Fhionn
Ailis Fitz Ure Al Jazi Samiha al-Harb Alaric of Nordskogen
Alaric Sturmenluchs Alasdair mac Fearghuis Alastair ap Maelgwyn
Alastriona inghean ui Fhaolain Alberic of Hess Alberto
Albrecht Waldfurster Alesandre la Jardiniere Alexander Hamstzhelm
Alexander of Manchester Alisandre Althea McConnel
Alura Katrina Alwyne the Sinsitral Amalia St. Edmund
Amary Fairamay Ambrosia of Avalon Andraus of Nordskogen
Andreva du Chalons Angeli du Bois Angelina Nicollette de Beaumont
Angus Ulrich * Ann Tesedale Anne Geoffreys of Warwick
Annora of Dunsford Antonio de Vichenzy Aoife nic Ceallach
Aramanthra the Vicious Arianna the Harper Armandel Nightsinger
Artair mac Connlai Arthemise the Weaver Arthur Fitrzwilliam the Scholar
Aryenna bat David Halevi de Troyes Arzu Okcu Athoranra Hiartt
Aubrey Swyftwater Augustein Baer Tesch Aulus of Nordskogen
Aurora of the East Aylwin MacNeill Azizah bint Da'ud
Baalin Wolf Barbat Silviu Bastien De La Mesa
Batya di Cremona Bazyli Bolesław z Krakowa Belah
Benedict Grey Berowelf fon Haholtesheime Bianca Cassacio
Br Ulf Higgenbotham Breaden Brendan o Corraidhe
Brendan of Nordskogen Brian H Brianna de Girgenti
Bridget ni Cathasaigh Brigid ingen Maol-Mhichil Bronwen Arianwen of Rivenwood Tower *
Brun Hilda von Berg Cadwallon y' Rhudd Cadwynn DeForest MacDhomnaill
Caelia Alexis vom Kirschwald Cainnech ruad mcGuairi Calum og MacBoru
Caoilfhionn inghen Cheallaigh uí Mhórdha Caradoc Llew Du ap Morgan Cassandra of the Western Green
Castiel the Blackhand Cealfind ni Mullen Ceara ni Loideain
Cecily of York Cehero Oakensword Ceolwen ingen Adaim
Cerridwen de Belleme Charles du Vert Charlotte
Checheyigen Oyugun Chiaki Chiere de Chenonceaux
Christian Del`Agante Christian the Undecided Christine de Waughe
Christine Wilkenson of Nordleigh Christo of Nordskogen Christoforo Alfonso Pallavincino da Firenze
Ciara ni Mhaille Cinniu ingen Cuthbaid Clovis of Harlech
Constanza de Sevilla Corwyn ap Rhys, Greyrider Crispin Fletcher
Cristol von Aarden Curwinus Trevirensis Cynara Ailith of Nordskogen
Cyneburg Cynthia the Innocent Dafydd Arth
Dafydd MacOwen Dafydd of Falconmont Dafydd the Loyal
Dairine ingen Chonnlai Dana Hagengruber of Nordleigh Dane Of Needham
Darius Architectus David Margotta Devin of Nordskogen
Diarmait mac Dauid Dietrich Von Katzenwald Dobhran MacCailleach
Dorian of the Blue Moon Dubdarach macLongaidh Duncan of Dunsinane
Durand Fitz Robert Earnan Sanntraigh Edwin atte Bridge
Einon Ap Llywarch Eirikr "Ari" Ragnarsson Ekaterina Anastaseva
Elaine de Beauchamp Ele Redenhair Eleaner the Younger
Eleanor de Bolton Elena Tangwystl ap Morgan Ellen de Wynter
Elli Lutemaker Eoin mac Mártainn Eric Leslie
Erica Poitevins Etain Egilsdottir Etienne de Clermont
Euriaut Deri Eustachia de Westwic Eyja Bassadóttir
Eyricke Rycard Faelan MacMillan Farolfus filius Richardi
Felicia Grenewell Felix of the House of Iron Maiden Ferrugo Cothurn Manibus
Filib McNaughton Flori de Josselin Fríða
Friederich Eric Helmut von Rheinhausen Gabriel Kjotvason Galina Sokolnikova
Geirráðr Kolbeinson Generys verch Madoc Geoffrey of Warwick
Gerlef Gerwidzson Gevura Gille the Lost
Gillian Swyft Godric Alburne Grainne Dhonn
Guenievre du Dragon Vert Gunnar Ottar Ulrichson Gunnora Lovitt of Bucknell
Guy Lafitte Gwendoline Rosamond Gwenlliana Clutterbooke
Gyrith of Nordskogen Halgeirr Avarrson Halvor Vollan
Hedwyg (Hetty) Heinrich of Nordskogen Helena the Quiet
Helgi Moosebane Heliseus Morte d'Arbor Helmut Strauss
Herjolf Eilifsson House Wortham Iacobvs
Idonea le Lakere Ilya Mstislavich Ingus Moen
Iorwerth of Hundredswold Iorwerth of Hundredswold Irial Féasruadh ó hIarnáin
'Īsā bin Marco Al-Martell Isabella di Amato Isabella Tinker
Isabetta Viari Iulia Terra Ivan Miller
Jade Ba-gne James Tripp the Tardy Jander Rasputin
Jane Waye Jean Robert LeMarchand de Sel Jehanette de Provins
Jelena Pagani Jennifer Nagel Jenny the Patient
Joel of Nordskogen Johan Giovanni Johann Deri
Johanna Laurensdochter van Antwerp John Byron Nautile du Bardsey Isle John of Calador *
Josh Judith of Northwode Just von Stichem
Justin of Nordskogen Jutta van der Bruegghen (known as Ivetta) Kagami Mori
Kale Melachrine Karen Pults Kate
Kateryn of Roseberry Topping called Khadiijah Katherine Grayston Kathryn Keilerfliegen
Katriona ni Chonarain Kenneth die Katze Kersteken Arends
Kira * Kolfinna Nobilis Konrad der Lowe von Ulm
Kristina Lachlann del Glen Lasairfhiona ingen Cheallaigh
Lazarus Stark Leigh de St Antoine Leolin Gofar
Levi Lewke verch Gwilim Leyla al-Manadiliyya
Lia of Blackmore Líadan ingen Cheallaigh Locke Sander Thorbjörn
Logan Loreali von Lichtenstein Lorette Roberge
Lucia Sforza di Firenze Lucius Larsius Pavo Lusche della Cassiago
Lydia of Nordskogen Lyneya Mad Milo of Nordskogen
Madoc ap Jones Magdalene Wilhelm Maghnus Colmain
Mairghread ingen Sean Malcolm Foster Mána-Unna
Marcus Virus Germanus Margalit Medicus Margaret Fitzwilliam of Kent
Margareta Saunfayle * Marguerite d"Avignon Marion Fitzthomas
Martin Lochlann Marwen de la Rivere Mary of Carrigart
Masina Vitus Matheus Geirfoldarson Mathilde of Nordskogen
Matthew B Matthew Smallwood Mauriana of the Isles
Meave le Sanguine Medb Renata MG
Michel de Belgique Micheline Elphinstone Michelle Cavley
Michiel mike hube Miriam Owens de Josselin
Moraig Anne Drummond * Morgan Bartholomew Cuthbert Morgan Olander
MS Muirenn Muirenn ingen Fhairchellaig
Muirgheal of Knockfierna Nafisa al-Khatir al-dhi'b Naomi of Nordskogen
Nesa Lauberin Nezhka Petrovna Nezzeta
Niamh ingen Dhomnail Niamh Larsdottir Niccolo Falconetto
Nicholas Annoui d'Mous Njall Faraldarson Noi-Min Jeong
Nordskogen Needleworkers Guild Nordskogen, Barony of Nuala inghean ui Chaoindealbhain
Octavia of Nordskogen Olaf Brunharet Magnusson O'no Kagemori
Orlaith Ballach Inghean Fhlain Osgood Van Segelhorst Oswald Frank
Owen Alun Padruig Maclennan Pete the Sot
Peter Joynar Petranella Fitzallen of Weston Philip Quartermaine
Pick Scott Prudence Goodheart of Wyewood Pyra
Quentin Wakeman Raella de Courtenay Ragnar Storm
Randaulph Greene Rebecca Quinn-Davis Refkell Melrakki Einarsson
Richard McLouis Richard Morgan of Cumberland Richard of Mourningwode
Rick Rima al-Zahra Ro HebenStreit
Roanoke Oakensword Robert Bartholomew of Baskerville Robia
Rodney Rodrigo de Montoya Roland the Mad
Rosanore of Redthorn SabinadeAlmeria Særekr Knútsson í Norðrárskógum
Samia al-Lulu bint Isa Saraidh ingen Guairi Sayf al-Qamar Tarik ibn Abdul
scott lessman Sefa Farmansdóttir Simon Morcar
Sine ni Rathgorn of Lynanstern Siobhan ni Brigidhe Sisuile Buitiler
Skio Sofie Stephensdottir of Nordskogen Solveig Ketilsdottir
Sorcha Bhuidhe SP Susan of Nordskogen
Sven Asvaldarson Taion Orbanus Taliesen Traherne
Tamsyn Seamarke Tangwystl verch Llywarch Taran Ap Einon
Tatsuo Okami Teague of Ravensgold Teffan Koerwent
Thomas Bordeaux Thomas Raffin Thomas Starremon
Thoron Ravenoak Thorston of Bloodguard Thrydwulf
Thuri Landsverk Tobias von Steinberg Toma Mikhailovich Barsok
Torsten Magnus Von Liechtenstien Tosten du Calais Tribaldi de Gritti
Tristan von Eisig Tsiznae Ulfhildr Thegjandi
Ulrica of Lincoln Umberto della Foresta di Massa Una Duckfoot
Urien ap Taliesin Ursula von Linden Vætildr Eyvindardóttir
Valencia de Clariana Valencia de Clariana of Nordskogen Vermundr
Viði Hovdestad Vilmundr Stóðason Vladimir Radescu
Volbunger Wallace Roberts of Nordskogen William Robertson
Wolfstanus Lightfote Wu Yun Ximena Ramirez
Yagüe Antolínez (Yague Antolinez) Yakira bat Shoshana Yasuuji
Ysabel Ysabel of Nordskogen Zach of Nordskogen
Zelthorn Zhu Minhu Zoe Larsdottir
Populace Awards Listing
Territory Map
Barony of Nordskogen Territory Map
Postal Codes
55001 , 55002 , 55003 , 55005 , 55006 , 55007 , 55008 , 55009 , 55010 , 55011 , 55012 , 55013 , 55014 , 55016 , 55017 , 55018 , 55019 , 55020 , 55021 , 55024 , 55025 , 55026 , 55027 , 55029 , 55030 , 55031 , 55032 , 55033 , 55036 , 55037 , 55038 , 55040 , 55042 , 55043 , 55044 , 55045 , 55046 , 55047 , 55049 , 55051 , 55052 , 55053 , 55054 , 55055 , 55056 , 55060 , 55063 , 55065 , 55066 , 55067 , 55068 , 55069 , 55070 , 55071 , 55072 , 55073 , 55074 , 55075 , 55076 , 55077 , 55078 , 55079 , 55080 , 55082 , 55083 , 55084 , 55085 , 55087 , 55088 , 55089 , 55090 , 55092 , 55101 , 55102 , 55103 , 55104 , 55105 , 55106 , 55107 , 55109 , 55110 , 55111 , 55112 , 55113 , 55114 , 55115 , 55116 , 55117 , 55118 , 55119 , 55120 , 55121 , 55122 , 55123 , 55124 , 55125 , 55126 , 55127 , 55128 , 55129 , 55133 , 55144 , 55145 , 55146 , 55150 , 55155 , 55161 , 55164 , 55165 , 55166 , 55168 , 55169 , 55170 , 55171 , 55172 , 55175 , 55177 , 55182 , 55187 , 55188 , 55190 , 55191 , 55301 , 55302 , 55303 , 55304 , 55305 , 55306 , 55307 , 55308 , 55309 , 55310 , 55311 , 55312 , 55313 , 55314 , 55315 , 55316 , 55317 , 55318 , 55319 , 55320 , 55321 , 55322 , 55323 , 55324 , 55325 , 55327 , 55328 , 55329 , 55330 , 55331 , 55332 , 55333 , 55334 , 55335 , 55336 , 55337 , 55338 , 55339 , 55340 , 55341 , 55342 , 55343 , 55344 , 55345 , 55346 , 55347 , 55348 , 55349 , 55350 , 55352 , 55354 , 55355 , 55356 , 55357 , 55358 , 55359 , 55360 , 55361 , 55362 , 55363 , 55364 , 55365 , 55366 , 55367 , 55368 , 55369 , 55370 , 55372 , 55373 , 55374 , 55375 , 55376 , 55377 , 55378 , 55379 , 55380 , 55381 , 55382 , 55383 , 55384 , 55385 , 55386 , 55387 , 55388 , 55389 , 55390 , 55391 , 55392 , 55393 , 55394 , 55395 , 55396 , 55397 , 55398 , 55399 , 55401 , 55402 , 55403 , 55404 , 55405 , 55406 , 55407 , 55408 , 55409 , 55410 , 55411 , 55412 , 55413 , 55414 , 55415 , 55416 , 55417 , 55418 , 55419 , 55420 , 55421 , 55422 , 55423 , 55424 , 55425 , 55426 , 55427 , 55428 , 55429 , 55430 , 55431 , 55432 , 55433 , 55434 , 55435 , 55436 , 55437 , 55438 , 55439 , 55440 , 55441 , 55442 , 55443 , 55444 , 55445 , 55446 , 55447 , 55448 , 55449 , 55450 , 55454 , 55458 , 55459 , 55460 , 55468 , 55470 , 55472 , 55473 , 55474 , 55478 , 55479 , 55480 , 55483 , 55484 , 55485 , 55486 , 55487 , 55488 , 55550 , 55551 , 55552 , 55553 , 55554 , 55555 , 55556 , 55557 , 55558 , 55559 , 55560 , 55561 , 55562 , 55563 , 55564 , 55565 , 55566 , 55567 , 55568 , 55569 , 55570 , 55571 , 55572 , 55573 , 55574 , 55575 , 55576 , 55577 , 55578 , 55579 , 55580 , 55581 , 55582 , 55583 , 55584 , 55585 , 55586 , 55587 , 55588 , 55589 , 55590 , 55591 , 55592 , 55593 , 55594 , 55595 , 55596 , 55597 , 55598 , 55599 , 55917 , 55946 , 55983 , 55992 , 56011 , 56026 , 56044 , 56046 , 56228 , 56230 , 56243 , 56270 , 56277 , 56284 , 56285 , 56358
Cities
Afton , Albertville , Almelund , Andover , Annandale , Anoka , Arlington , Bayport , Becker , Belle Plaine , Bethel , Big Lake , Bird Island , Blooming Prairie , Braham , Brook Park , Brownton , Buffalo , Buffalo Lake , Burnsville , Cambridge , Cannon Falls , Carver , Castle Rock , Cedar , Center City , Champlin , Chanhassen , Chaska , Chisago City , Circle Pines , Clear Lake , Clearwater , Cokato , Cologne , Cosmos , Cottage Grove , Crystal Bay , Dalbo , Danube , Darwin , Dassel , Dayton , Delano , Dennison , Dundas , Eden Prairie , Eden Valley , Elk River , Elko , Ellendale , Excelsior , Fairfax , Faribault , Farmington , Forest Lake , Franklin , Frontenac , Gaylord , Gibbon , Glencoe , Goodhue , Grandy , Grasston , Green Isle , Grove City , Hamburg , Hamel , Hampton , Hanover , Harris , Hastings , Hector , Henderson , Henriette , Hinckley , Hope , Hopkins , Howard Lake , Hugo , Hutchinson , Inver Grove Heights , Isanti , Jordan , Kenyon , Lake Elmo , Lakeland , Lakeville , Lester Prairie , Lindstrom , Litchfield , Long Lake , Lonsdale , Loretto , Maple Lake , Maple Plain , Marine on Saint Croix , Mayer , Medford , Mendota , Minneapolis , Minnetonka , Minnetonka Beach , Monticello , Montrose , Mora , Morristown , Morton , Mound , Navarre , Nerstrand , New Auburn , New Germany , New Market , Newport , North Branch , Norwood , Ogilvie , Olivia , Osseo , Owatonna , Pine City , Plato , Prior Lake , Randolph , Red Wing , Renville , Rock Creek , Rockford , Rogers , Rosemount , Rush City , Sacred Heart , Saint Bonifacius , Saint Francis , Saint Michael , Saint Paul , Saint Paul Park , Sandstone , Santiago , Savage , Scandia , Shafer , Shakopee , Silver Creek , Silver Lake , South Haven , South Saint Paul , Spring Park , Stacy , Stanchfield , Stewart , Stillwater , Taylors Falls , Vermillion , Victoria , Waconia , Wanamingo , Warsaw , Watertown , Watkins , Waverly , Wayzata , Webster , Welch , Willernie , Winsted , Winthrop , Wyoming , Young America , Zimmerman , Zumbrota

This site is © 2019 Kingdom of Northshield. Original contributors retain the copyright of certain portions of this site.